The United States Constitution has only one sentence guiding the country’s organization of voting—Article 1, Section 4: each state will determine “The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections.” The voting process has been evolving since America’s founding.
Tuesday in November
When an 1845 law set a single election day for the entire country, the United States had a booming and widespread agricultural industry. Farmers made up a huge part of the labor force, and the time of year for elections was selected because of their work. Farmers kept busy planting, tending and harvesting crops, and November was a good time for voting—harvest was wrapped up and the weather was still relatively mild.
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